At first glance, the way the Apache mod_rewrite module handles query strings can be a little intimidating. mod_rewrite works by sitting on your server in a file called htaccess, and “catching” requests for URL‘s. It then checks these URL request against a series of rules and conditions you have set. If the request meets any of the rules and conditions, it applies then necessary changes to the URL, then reprocesses the request with the changes you have directed. Read more – ‘Apache RewriteRule and query strings’.
After installing ColdFusion 8 and Apache successfully you may still see an "HTTP 500 Internal Server Error" when navigating to a ColdFusion page. All is not lost, you simply need to configure, or check the configuration of Apache. Apache requires very little post installation modification, but it is always good practice to check the httpd.conf file to ensure that the ColdFusion "install" scripts did what they were supposed to do. Read more – ‘Configuring ColdFusion 8 with Apache’.